Rabu, 10 Juni 2015

What is relative clauses,explain and find passage and determine its relative clauses

What is relative clauses,explain and find passage and determine its relative clauses

1. Definition of clause

Clause is a grammatical unit that has a level above and below the sentence phrases, form groups of at kurangnyaterdiri word on the subject and predicate, and has the potential to be a sentence (Kiridalaksana, 1993: 110). Is said to have the potential to be a sentence because although not a sentence, in many ways no different from the sentence clauses, except in the case of the absence of the final intonation or punctuation that characterize the sentence.
In construction consisting of S and P clauses can be accompanied by O, Pel, and Ket, or not. In this regard, the core element of the clause is S and P. However, in practice the elements of S are often omitted. For example in complex sentences (or rather sentences plural) and the sentence is the answer. (Ramlan 1987: 89).
For example:
Together with his wife, Mr. Salah brought souvenirs.

Sentence (1) consists of three clauses, ie clauses (a) together with his wife, clause (b) Mr. Salah came, and clause (c) bring souvenirs. Clause (a) consists of elements P, followed by Pel, clause (b) consists of S and P, and clause (c) consisting of P followed O. Due to the incorporation of the clause third, S in clause (a) and (c) dilesapkan ,

Characteristics clause
The characteristics of the clause is as follows: (1) there is a clause in the predicate, nothing more and nothing less; (2) clause may be subject to a sentence if her final intonation; (3) in the plural sentences, clauses are part of the sentence; (4) The clause can be expanded by adding attributes of functions that is not in the clause; besides the addition of constituent attributes on one or any existing syntactic functions.

Types of clauses
Clauses can be classified based on four issues, namely (1) the completeness of its internal elements: a complete clause and the clause is not complete, (2) presence or absence of words that negate P: clauses negative and positive clauses, (3) the predicate primary categories: verbal clauses and clauses nonverbal, (4) and the possibility of independence to be a sentence: an independent clause, clause incorporated.

What is conditional sentences? how many types are there? give examples min 5 for each type ?

2. Definition and Examples of Conditional Sentences
Conditional sentences are conditional sentence has two clauses (main clause and the clause) that is connected using the word "IF". This sentence has a meaning of "if" or "if".

1.     First Conditional
2.     Second Conditional
3.     Third Conditional

1. First Conditional

If V1 + S +, S + will + V1 + O

Example sentences First Conditional Sentences:
If I have free time, I will play football
If the school bell rings, I'll go home.
If she invite you, will you come?

2. Second Conditional

If + S + v2, S + would + v1 + O

Example Sentences Second Conditional
If I married with Nina, I would be happy. (If I was married to Nina, I'll be happy.)
If Karlo Became rich, he would marry her. (If Karlo became rich, he would marry her.)
If it snowed next June, what would you do ?. (If the winter months of June to come, what would you do?)

3. Third Conditional

If + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3 + O

Examples of Third Conditional Sentence
If I had seen Gina, I would have told her. (If I met Gina, I'll tell him.)
If it had rained yesterday, would you have stayed at home? (If yesterday's rain, would you stay home?)

If Virly had been free yesterday, I would have invited her. (If Virly holiday yesterday, I would invite him.)

Senin, 27 April 2015

Mention and explain kinds of pronoun, give examples for each kind!


1.      Mention and explain kinds of pronoun, give examples for each kind!


A. Personal Pronouns

These are pronouns that refer mostly to human beings. However, the word 'it' does not refer to human beings, but is a Personal Pronoun. So, we have a more grammatical way of defining Personal Pronouns so that we can include the hapless it in the Personal Pronoun family. A Personal Pronoun is a pronoun which belongs to any of the three grammatical personsThe list of pronouns which belong to this group are: I, we, you, he, she, it, andthey.
The personal pronouns are Iyouhesheitwethey, and who. More often than not (but not exclusively), they replace nouns representing people. When most people think of pronouns, it is the personal pronouns that usually spring to mind.
Examples :
-          Is this mine or yours?
-          We can't all be heroes because somebody has to sit on the curb and clap as they go by.
B. Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns are used to show or identify one or a number of nouns that may be far or near in distance or time. They are only four in number - This, That, These and Those. This and That are singular demonstrative pronouns and These and Those are plural demonstrative pronouns. They can also be used to show an unspecified quantity in a sentence.
That is a beautiful house. - That is a demonstrative pronoun that is referring to a specific noun (house). This is a singular pronoun as it is referring to only one house.
These were made by me. - These is showing an unspecified quantity of something that was made by a person. This is a plural demonstrative pronoun as it’s referring to a number of objects.
Everyone remembers those days. - Those is showing a particular time or period of days in the past; it is being used in place of a noun that could be - school, summer, college, etc. Here also those is a plural demonstrative pronoun as it’s indicating a number of days.
This is what he is charging? - This is used as pronoun in place of a number and it is also acting as a quantifier by referring not only to the noun but to the amount/number of the noun as well. This is a singular demonstrative pronoun.
Examples :
-          She gave me this gift. (this - Demonstrative Adjective)
-          Those are totally awesome.
-          These are my children.

C. Indefinite Pronouns

Unlike demonstrative pronouns, which point out specific items, indefinite pronouns are used for non-specific things. This is the largest group of pronouns. All, some, any,several, anyone, nobody, each, both, few, either, none, one and no one are the most common.
When we say, "Somebody stole my watch," we don't know to whom the wordsomebody refers to. The word somebody is an Indefinite Pronoun.
            Examples :
-          Nobody was answering when I called them last.
-          We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars
D. Distributive Pronouns                          
These pronouns refer to individual elements in a group or a pair, one individual at a time.
Examples :
-          each - "From each according to his ability, to each according to his need."
-          any - You may bring any of your friends.
E. Reciprocal Pronouns
      These pronouns are found in pairs. They are really a subject-object pair compressed. We'll find this if we expand the sentence in which they are present, as in the first example below. Reciprocal pronouns are used for actions or feelings that are reciprocated. The two most common reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.
      Examples :
-          They talk to each other like they're babies.
-          Good people help one another to succeed.

F. Relative Pronous
      Relative Pronouns are used to join or relate two different clauses together by referring to the noun in the previous clause using the pronouns - WhoWhomWhoseWhich and That.
      Examples :
-          Dr Adam Sissons, who lectured at Cambridge for more than 12 years, should have known the difference.
-          This is the day that we have waited for so long
G. Interrogative pronouns
These pronouns are used in questions. Although they are classified as pronouns, it is not easy to see how they replace nouns. Whowhichwhatwhere and how are all interrogative pronouns.
Examples :
-          Which dog won the race?
-          Whose is this wallet?
H. Possesive Pronouns
      They are sort of pronouns in that they refer to an understood noun, showing possession by that noun of something. They are technically adjectives, though, because they modify a noun that follows them. Possessive pronouns are used to show possession. As they are used as adjectives, they are also known as possessive adjectives. My, your, his, her, its,our and their are all possessive pronouns..
      Examples :
-          I gambled it all away on your race horse.
-          Have you seen her book?
I. Reflexsive Pronouns
      The reflexive pronouns aremyselfyourselfherselfhimselfitselfourselvesyourselves, and themselves. These words can be either reflexive pronouns or emphatic pronouns.This page is about their use as reflexive pronouns. A reflexive pronoun is used with another noun (or pronoun) when something does something to itself.
      Examples :
-          Brian pinched himself.
-          The members argued amongst themselves for an hour.
2.      There are 3 types of question word! Explain those 3 types along with their examples!
1.      Yes / No Question
The first thing to remember is that there are two main kinds, 'yes / no' and 'wh'. To form yes/no questions where there is an auxiliary verb or a modal verb, we invert the word order of a positive sentence.
Examples :
-          Do you eat fish? No I don’t
-          Have they got a car? Yes they have.

  1. Word Question
Sometimes we want more than yes or no for an answer. When asking for information, we usually place a question-word at the beginning of the sentence. The question-word indicates the information that we want, like : where (place), when (time), why (reason), who (person).
Examples :
-          Where is the hotel?
-          Who has just arrived?

  1. Choice  questions
Sometimes we give our listener a choice. We ask them to choose between two possible answers. So their answer is (usually) already in the question.
            Examples :
-          Do you want tea or coffe ? Coffe Please
-          Is your car white or black ? Black

Minggu, 29 Maret 2015

The definition

Subject is a noun, pronoun, adjective, or another construction (acting as nounatau adjective) following verbs of being or linking verb and serves to explain or refer to the subject of the sentence.

Subject complement is divided into three, namely: predicate adjective (subjects connected with the adjective), predicate noun (subject associated with the noun), and predicate pronoun (subject connected with the pronoun).

Verb (verb) is a function word to indicate darisubject actions, events or circumstances indicate. Verb is one of the eight parts of speech.
English verbs are not always simple shape (one word), but may be the result of a combination of phrases with the particle ~ phrasal verb (get in, make-up, read over).

Complement is a noun, pronoun, adjective or other construction that act as noun or adjective that serves describe or refer to the direct object (DO). Only transitive verb can have a complement object. In addition to explaining the object of the verb, this object can also follow the object of the preposition.

Selasa, 27 Januari 2015

situ patenggang

This place is in the Bandung area, located at the corner position of the peak area of Bandung, there is very low temperature was very cold when we were there. On his way situpatenggang also quite complicated, before we get to the place we're going through tea gardens and ravines on the left the right side of our trip. These attractions are also in line with a white crater tour.

But Situpatenggang is the highest peak which is further away from the white crater. In these places there is a lake that can be explored by boat of fishermen who live along the lake, the inhabitants of the area Situpatenggang.

In the middle of the lake which is in Situpatenggang there is an island and there is a rock in the middle of the island. It is said that when the two lovers then they will break up or separate for coming and visiting the rock, to rock love.

thousand islands

Thousand islands are part of Jakarta, separated by a distance of the sea. On the island there are various names thousand island, Tidung, pari, harapan, pramuka and much more. From all sorts of the island is there, there are some who have ever visited.

Stingray Island is the first island I visited from miscellaneous islands in the thousand islands. The advantages of the island is as follows stingray, stingray island has a beach called virgin sand beach, all the tourists who visit the island have attracted beaches on the island par. Apart from that this island provides a spot or a place for tourists who want to camping on the edge of virgin sand beach.

Island of hope, the second island that I can go to the next holiday. On the island there are already many people hope that a permanent resident on the island. There have been many buildings building or residence that stands the island. The advantages of this island is, the island has many lodging options so can spoil the tourists, and the island also has many spots promising spot for snorkling.

Selasa, 20 Januari 2015

Small business

Trying to be successful it can be started from anywhere, starting from small businesses was nothing wrong. From the time I graduated smk I learned a lot from various places and media how the world of business. Graduated from smk, I continued my education at a university that Gunadarma university. I majored in computer systems because it is the world of electronics that make me more interested in compare others.

But as his running time, I did not forget my desires and future goals to have and establish an own business. I started my small business piecemeal by opening an online shop that sells jackets, shirts, celan, bags, shoes and others.

The longer my business started many in the know people through social networks, and until now has been pretty gets the revenue that would have not been great. But with this I began to understand how difficult it is to make money in life, and understand how to get started and set up a successful business.
The key is to be patient, willing to work hard, relax and do not hurry, everyone has their own way to establish a business of their dreams.


This place pick the various kinds of electronic equipment, and others, many people from outside the area come to this place to find electronic components. In addition to its completeness stock items contained in that area may also because its price is very affordable prices so many people outside of the area that became the place is a favorite place for searching and hunting equipment they are looking for.

I have a little story about how my journey looking for this place, I want to place this as it gets the duty of my lectures to make a robot or automated electronic device. I went to the place with my girlfriend by train until the final destination of the train is the station of the city, in Jakarta.
Once its in the city station I started to search where the location glodok actually, because I would not know where the location of the venue. Out of town station I started asking a father who was sitting next to the exit station, he explained that glodok already not far from this station was across the red light close to the station.

Then I followed the directions that have been explained to me after a while I walked her late I find a place that seemingly building buildings such as malls, because I was afraid of and did not find what I was looking for a place its end I went back to ask someone, apparently without me knowing I've been in a place called glodok, based on the notice of people who ask me the place.